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Everything you need to know Olympics.

The modern Olympic Games, generally known as the Olympics, are major international athletic events that feature summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of competitors compete in a range of activities. With over 200 countries competing, the Olympic Games are regarded as the world’s most important sporting event. The Olympic Games are held every four years, with the Summer and Winter Olympics alternated every two years within that time. The ancient Olympic Games, which were held in Olympia, Greece from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD, were the inspiration for its inception. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) was created in 1894 by Baron Pierre de Coubertin, and the first modern Games were held in Athens in 1896. The Olympic Charter defines the structure and jurisdiction of the IOC, which is the governing body of the Olympic Movement. Several changes to the Olympic Games have arisen from the evolution of the Olympic Movement in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. The Winter Olympic Games for snow and ice sports, the Paralympic Games for athletes with disabilities, the Youth Olympic Games for athletes aged 14 to 18, the five Continental Games (Pan American, African, Asian, European, and Pacific), and the World Games for sports not contested in the Olympic Games are just a few of the changes that have been made.

 Olympics

Ancient Olympics The Ancient Olympic Games were religious and athletic celebrations held every four years in Olympia, Greece, in Zeus’ sanctuary. Representatives from a number of Ancient Greek city-states and kingdoms competed. The majority of the activities were athletic, but there were also combat sports like wrestling and pankration, as well as horse and chariot racing. The Olympics were a religious event, with sporting activities taking place alongside ceremonial offerings honoring Zeus (whose famous statue by Phidias resided in his temple at Olympia) and Pelops, the heavenly hero and mythological monarch of Olympia. Pelops’ chariot race with King Oenomaus of Pisatis was legendary.  The event winners were lauded and immortalized in poetry and monuments.   The Games were held every four years, and the Greeks utilized this period, known as an Olympiad, as one of their time units. The Games were part of the Panhellenic Games cycle, which also comprised the Pythian Games, Nemean Games, and Isthmian Games. The Olympic Games were at their peak in the 6th and 5th centuries BC, but as the Romans gained power and influence in Greece, they progressively faded in importance. While there is no scholarly agreement on the exact date the Games ended, the most widely accepted date is 393 AD.

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Modern Olympics Since the 17th century, many applications of the name “Olympic” to denote sporting events in the modern age have been noted. The Cotswold Games, sometimes known as the “Cotswold Olimpick Games,” are an annual sporting event held near Chipping Campden, England. It was first organized between 1612 and 1642 by barrister Robert Dover, with various subsequent festivities leading up to the present day.

1896 Games In 1896, the Panathenaic Stadium in Athens hosted the first Games under the aegis of the IOC. The Games had 14 countries and 241 participants competing in 43 events. Zappas and his cousin Konstantinos Zappas had established a trust to help support future Olympic Games in Greece. The funds from this trust were utilized to help fund the 1896 Olympic Games. George Averoff kindly donated to the stadium’s restoration in preparation for the Games. The Greek government also contributed money, which was supposed to be repaid through ticket sales and the sale of the first Olympic commemorative stamp set.

Changes and adjustments Following the success of the 1896 Olympics, the Olympics experienced a period of stagnation, putting its survival in jeopardy. The Olympic Games held during the 1900 Paris Exposition and the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis drew little attention or participation. 580 Americans competed in the 1904 Olympics; the marathon champion was later disqualified after a photograph of him traveling in an automobile during the race was discovered. The 1906 Intercalated Games, held in Athens, brought the Games back to life. These Games drew a large international field of competitors and sparked widespread public attention, signaling the start of an increase in both the popularity and scale of the Olympics. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) recognized the 1906 Games at the time, and no Intercalated Games have been staged since.

21st-Century Games The Summer Olympics have grown from 241 athletes representing 14 countries in 1896 to over 11,200 competitors representing 207 countries in 2016.[63] The Winter Olympics are lesser in scope and scale. The Olympic Village is home to the majority of the athletes and officials for the duration of the Games. This housing center is equipped with cafeterias, health clinics, and places for religious expression, and is designed to be a self-contained home for all Olympic competitors. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has approved the development of National Olympic Committees (NOCs) to represent individual countries.

International Olympic Committee The Olympic Movement includes a wide number of national and international athletic organizations and federations, as well as recognized media partners, athletes, officials, judges, and anybody else who agrees to follow the Olympic Charter’s regulations. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is in charge of selecting the host city, managing the planning of the Olympic Games, revising and approving the Olympic sports program, and negotiating sponsorship and broadcasting rights as the umbrella organization of the Olympic Movement.

Symbols Symbols are used by the Olympic Movement to reflect the ideals enshrined in the Olympic Charter. The Olympic rings, also known as the Olympic emblem, are five interconnected rings that symbolize the oneness of the five inhabited continents (Africa, the Americas (which is considered one continent), Asia, Europe, and Oceania). The Olympic flag is made up of colored versions of the rings—blue, yellow, black, green, and red—over a white field. The flag was adopted in 1914, but it was only flown for the first time at the Antwerp Summer Olympics in 1920. Since then, it has been raised at each Games celebration. Pierre de Coubertin proposed the Olympic motto, Citius, Altius, Fortius, a Latin word meaning “Faster, Higher, Stronger,” in 1894, and it has been official since 1924. Coubertin’s buddy, Dominican priest Henri Didon OP, devised the motto for a Paris youth meeting in 1891.

Ceremonies

Opening Ceremony This ceremony takes place on a Friday and takes place before the sporting events begin. The majority of the opening ceremony procedures were established at the Antwerp Summer Olympics in 1920. The event usually begins with the entry of the host country’s president, followed by the hoisting of the host country’s flag and a rendition of the host country’s national anthem. The host nation then performs musical, singing, dancing, and theatrical performances that are reflective of its culture.

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Closing Ceremony The Olympic Games’ closing ceremony takes place on a Sunday, following the conclusion of all sports events. Each participating country’s flag bearers enter the stadium first, followed by the athletes, who all enter together, regardless of nationality.  The flags of the current host country, Greece, to honor the birthplace of the Olympic Games, and the flag of the country hosting the future Summer or Winter Olympic Games are all raised while the relevant national anthems are played.

Sports There are 35 sports, 30 categories, and 408 events in the Olympic Games. Wrestling, for example, is a Summer Olympic sport that is divided into two disciplines: Greco-Roman and Freestyle. It is further divided into fourteen men’s events and four women’s events, each representing a different weight class.  The Summer Olympics will have 26 sports, while the Winter Olympics will offer 15 sports. The only summer sports that have never been absent from the Olympic program are athletics, swimming, fencing, and artistic gymnastics. Since 1924, cross-country skiing, figure skating, ice hockey, Nordic combined, ski jumping, and speed skating have all been featured in the Winter Olympics. Current Olympic sports such as badminton, basketball, and volleyball began as demonstration sports on the show before being raised to full Olympic sports. Some sports that had been included in previous Games were eventually removed from the schedule.

The Summer Olympics, which had been postponed for a year due to the coronavirus pandemic, commenced on July 23 with the Opening Ceremonies. The Closing Ceremonies will take place on August 8th, bringing the Games to a close. Some activities, including softball and men’s and women’s soccer tournaments, began before the Games officially began on July 21.

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