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Drones – A boon or bane for the Indian Market?


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A drone is a UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) that is used primarily in military strikes, monitoring, and carrying ammunition. Around 30 percent of drones worldwide are not used in trade, science, leisure, agriculture, and other areas for military purposes. India’s military has deployed drones in rescue and emergency services to track enemy movements along international frontiers. The AI application allows automated drones to be programmed for routine work, and no human intervention is sometimes necessary. The drone flight path can be preprogrammed together with computer vision; in remote regions or areas that are hard to navigate for people, a wide range of tasks can be achieved. Drones are used for design purposes such as aerial mapping and critical infrastructure monitoring such as ports and power plants. The key feature of a drone is its ability to visit places that are hard to reach and the ability to zoom in and see things in detail. Sadly, this is also her biggest drawback, because it poses an enormous threat to personal and national security.

However, if we think differently it acts as a boon to our country, taking account of the various sectors of our economy like:

Healthcare: Drones can be used to collect samples of blood and supply medicines, particularly in geographical diversity, such as India, where the road trip is often not the quickest. The sick have trouble accessing healthcare in mountains with tragedy, thick forests, flooded areas. Drones will save critical time and life at the end of the day. Transportation of bodies from a donor to a recipient through heavy-duty cities is another case that will greatly benefit from drone shipments. Agriculture: Aerial data collection drones can be used for soil surveying, crop health surveillance, spraying of fertilizer, and weather analysis. This can allow the fast-tracking of diseases and save farmers time and money, with camera and computer vision. Disaster Management: The disaster’s most damaging aspect is unable to reach people due to damage to roads. Drones can be used to monitor areas and provide live information on trapped persons, drop supplies to remote locations and help with rescue planning activities. Entertainment: Drones are already used for many creative renditions, shooting for landscapes, wedding photography, films, and television series.

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Some of the countries that banned the use of drones include Iran, Iraq, and Morocco. In 2014, India too imposed a temporary blanket ban on drones, which cost the country a lot to build drones and technology to fly them. The ban was subsequently lifted and gradually regulations for monitoring drones are being developed. This change amplifies that this complex system comprises ground stations, satellite connectivity, sometimes in-flight weapons, and other components, apart from being an aerial vehicle. Military these systems are becoming very important because they can carry out accurate strikes without collateral damage on faraway targets. In areas of thick foliage, numerous terrorists and activists are hiding in northeastern or northeastern India. To generate good images, it is necessary to get high-quality SAR devices. India’s current UAV holdings are extremely low and greater quantities are necessary to satisfy future battlefield requirements. Particularly in fighting terrorist camps in Iraq and Afghanistan, UAVs have shown their diverse versatility. The Indian Army must scrutinize its future demands for UAVs carefully. Studies on the future maritime environment have shown that navies are increasingly prone to using modern posture and dissuasion weapons. These include the use of precise missiles, unmanned vehicles, and networked systems in order to achieve dominance in theatre. It is clear that, while the maritime fighting area is being compressed and the freedom of maneuver of the naval forces is severely restricted, the use of long-range sensors and precision impact capabilities in the future will rise exponentially. UAVs in the Indian case have shown themselves to improve technology for border recognition, air, and maritime monitoring, and intelligence collection. UAVs are force multipliers, and they are best utilized when synergies exist between the three Indian military services.

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The market of Indian aerial unmanned vehicles (UAVs) should reach $885.7 million, according to a report from FICCI and EY in 2021. Drones are used in many industries in India. They will soon begin operations in more and more sectors with appropriate regulatory policies. Drones in India regulations are established pursuant to the 1934 Aircraft Act. Draft rules on unmanaged aircraft systems rules for 2020 were published by the Ministry of Civil Aviation in June. These rules enable drones to take a more significant role in civil use while protecting Indian citizens’ privacy and security. The No Takeoff Permit (NPNT) clause currently allows pilots of Drones to fly drones in approximately 70% of the Indian airspace called green and yellow areas.

The skies are nearly clear; drones will be ready for departure in India.

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ALSO READ – https://thewire.in/security/drone-strike-jammu-kashmir-pakistan-china

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